China Forum Agenda 2023
Panel and Film Screening
Film Screening: “China: The Uyghur Tragedy,” directed by Romain Franklin and François Reinhardt
Panel Discussion: “Beijing’s Ongoing Repression of the Uyghurs”
China Forum 2023
Coffee & Registration
Remarks from US Congress Members
Uyghur Forced Labor: Dissecting Beijing’s Systems of Coercive Work for Ethnic Minorities
This panel will discuss Beijing’s forced labor schemes targeting ethnic minority and rural workers, including industry-based forced labor in sectors such as cotton, tomatoes, and polysilicon, coercive labor transfer of rural surplus workers, and forced labor linked to the Xinjiang internment camps. Panelists will discuss issues and challenges surrounding the implementation of the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act (UFLPA). The panel will highlight recent developments in research on how forced labor risk enters global supply chains from China, implicating western businesses in Beijing’s human rights atrocities, as well as research-based policy responses for governments and businesses.
Power and Responsibility: How Beijing’s Human Rights Record is Shaping Diplomacy and Foreign Policy
From the halls of Brussels and Washington to Geneva and New York, Beijing is increasingly being scrutinized for its human rights record, hindering its efforts to present itself as an emerging great power and responsible player on the world stage. Western diplomats and policymakers are thus rethinking China’s role in major spheres of multilateral cooperation, from the United Nations and the European Union to diplomatic efforts around Ukraine, Hong Kong, and Taiwan. This panel will assess Beijing’s multi-pronged strategy to make the world “safe for autocracy,” fend off criticisms of its human rights practices, and influence international bodies in ways that undermine the principles of democratic governance. Experts will discuss available tools and specific actions the US and its allies can take to address this challenge.
The Price of Profits: How Western Businesses Remain Entangled in China’s Forced Labor, Surveillance State and Military Modernization
As evidence continues to mount showing how Beijing’s human rights abuses are linked to global markets, western businesses are under increasing pressure to “de-risk” their supply chains and fully comply with new legislation such as the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act. This panel will discuss how companies and investors find themselves supporting human rights violations in Xinjiang and China’s problematic economic practices, and how they are dealing with this problem. It will assess Beijing’s use of financial incentives and coercion to co-opt western business, fund its oppression of Uyghurs, strengthen its economy through unfair competition, and influence national governments. Topics will include how Beijing uses western capital markets to finance malign activities such as its surveillance, military modernization, and arbitrary detention, and how governments and businesses can reform due diligence practices to address this challenge.
Interview and Q&A Session
Towards Accountability: Pursuing Legal Action on the Xinjiang Atrocity Through International Mechanisms
Despite global condemnation of Beijing’s atrocities in Xinjiang that multiple governments have declared amounts to genocide and crimes against humanity, the Chinese regime continues to maintain its repressive policies under the pretext of counterterrorism. Meanwhile Beijing has used its powerful sway in international bodies such as the UN to prevent initiation of an independent investigative or accountability mechanism such as was possible for recent crimes in Syria, Iraq, and Myanmar. This panel will discuss international legal mechanisms for holding the perpetrators to account, including from multilateral bodies in the UN and The Hague, to national governments imposing Magnitsky-style sanctions or exercising universal jurisdiction. It will assess the status and prospects for specific legal actions, and what is needed from governments and the international community to ensure their success, including effective documentation and analysis of available evidence.
In Search of My Sister Film Screening
Filmed in over a dozen countries, “In Search of My Sister” is a story of an American Uyghur Activist whose sister is one of 1.8-3 million Uyghurs taken by the Chinese Communist Party. She embarks on a journey to create awareness and find clues to the whereabouts of her missing sister.
China Forum 2022
Uyghur Forced Labor and Prevention: New Trends in Coercive Labor and the Duties of Business
NOTE: This panel will adhere to Chatham House rules. The discussion will be off-the-record and will not be live-streamed.
In June 2022 the United States banned the import of all goods linked to Xinjiang due to the region’s systematic, state-sponsored forced labor systems, through the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act (UFLPA). Recently Xinjiang has embarked on a program to deepen the reach of forced labor through increased full employment requirements. Which goods and sectors can be implicated in forced labor? How has enactment of the UFLPA, and the enforcement measures applied to date, impacted US-China supply chains? Can the Act effectively contain the import of goods whose production is linked to Xinjiang, or are Chinese businesses successfully avoiding the ban? Can supply chain regulations catch up with the evidence? This panel will also address business due diligence issues such as how Xinjiang companies may be evading sanctions, supply chain risks related to intermediary countries especially in Asia, and how the business community is responding amid these developments.
Beginning of Public Livestream
Entanglement and Dependencies: Addressing the Challenges of Economic Integration With China
Beijing has leveraged China’s economic power and integration with global markets to expand its global influence and reduce criticism of its human rights violations. Business relationships with China increasingly implicate rights-respecting countries and companies in Beijing’s human rights abuses, military modernization, and surveillance state. This panel will discuss the moral and strategic costs of doing business with China, the challenges of disentangling from problematic financial ties, and explore approaches toward strategic forms of decoupling from related entanglements.
Global Governance: World Order With Chinese Characteristics?
Chains of Command: Beijing’s Policymaking on Xinjiang and the Direction of Ethnic Policy Under Xi Jinping
Internal documents from the leaked “Xinjiang Papers” and hacked “Xinjiang Police Files” shed unprecedented new light on the nature, scale, and driving forces behind Beijing’s campaign of mass internment. This panel will discuss what the latest evidence reveals about Beijing’s increasingly draconian ethnic policies in particular in Xinjiang, including their genesis and development, their nature and intent, the extent of central government involvement, and their future direction under Xi Jinping. It will discuss the latest developments in ethnic policy for sensitive groups such as Uyghurs or Tibetans, and assess how unprecedented developments in Xinjiang may be influencing policies in other sensitive ethnic regions.
Interview and Q&a Session
Global Ambitions: Beijing’s Foreign Policy and Power Projection
Under Xi Jinping, Beijing’s foreign policy has taken a coercive turn, and its attempts to influence global norms and institutions in line with its global ambitions have become more overt. China’s economic coercion toward other countries, unprecedented military aggression towards Taiwan, and quiet backing of Putin’s land war Ukraine have amplified existing concerns over the ascending superpower’s role within the global community. What are the implications for international relations? What is needed to defend and strengthen a rules-based global order? This panel will assess China’s means of power projection and explore research-driven counter-strategies and responses.
China Forum Agenda 2021
China Forum 2021
Technology, Authoritarianism, and Big Tech’s Compliancy
Global Governance: World Order With Chinese Characteristics?
China’s Frontiers: The Ccp and Colonial Legacies
Supply Chain and Forced Labor
Finance: The Myth of Chinese Financial Hegemony